Riigikohus on Eesti Vabariigi kõrgeim kohus.
Põhiseaduse kohaselt on Riigikohus kassatsioonikohus ja
põhiseaduslikkuse järelevalve kohus. Riigikohtu pädevus
on sätestatud kohtute seaduses.
The Supreme Court of Estonia granted the appeal in cassation of environmental groups ARB and Estonian Society for Nature Conservation in part and annulled the Pärnu county plan for the Rail Baltic route in sections 3A, 4A and 4H of the route. The county plans for Harju and Rapla county remain in force. According to the Supreme Court’s Administrative Law Chamber, the Minister of Public Administration adopted the county plan unlawfully, since it has not been determined what impact Rail Baltic would have on the Luitemaa bird area that is next to the route. Natura assessment is always compulsory, if it cannot be ruled out on the basis of a preliminary estimate that the planned activity will have a significant impact on the objectives of a Natura protected area.
The Council for the Administration of Courts (KHN) gave recommendations on how to organize the work of the courts during the rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus and the state of emergency declared in Estonia. Written procedures and the use of technical solutions are preferred.
The eleventh Yearbook of Courts analyses the independence of the judicial system as a branch of power. The yearbook covers the essence of the independence of the judicial power, the reasons why it is necessary for the functioning of democracy and the means used for guaranteeing the autonomy.