Riigikohus on Eesti Vabariigi kõrgeim kohus.
Põhiseaduse kohaselt on Riigikohus kassatsioonikohus ja
põhiseaduslikkuse järelevalve kohus. Riigikohtu pädevus
on sätestatud kohtute seaduses.
The Yearbook of Estonian Courts 2020 is dedicated to the publicity of administration of justice and the closely related data protection issues.
Approved in a written meeting of the Council for Administration of Courts between 2 and 5 February 2021.
The Supreme Court en banc rejected the petition of the President of the Republic to declare the law being the basis of the mandatory funded pension reform unconstitutional.
Published in electronic format for the first time, the Yearbook of the Estonian Courts investigates, among other things, information technology developments in Estonian courts, the related trouble and increase in happiness of the judges, and what the future administration of justice could look like in a world that is becoming ever more digitalised.
The Supreme Court of Estonia granted the appeal in cassation of environmental groups ARB and Estonian Society for Nature Conservation in part and annulled the Pärnu county plan for the Rail Baltic route in sections 3A, 4A and 4H of the route. The county plans for Harju and Rapla county remain in force. According to the Supreme Court’s Administrative Law Chamber, the Minister of Public Administration adopted the county plan unlawfully, since it has not been determined what impact Rail Baltic would have on the Luitemaa bird area that is next to the route. Natura assessment is always compulsory, if it cannot be ruled out on the basis of a preliminary estimate that the planned activity will have a significant impact on the objectives of a Natura protected area.
The Council for the Administration of Courts (KHN) gave recommendations on how to organize the work of the courts during the rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus and the state of emergency declared in Estonia. Written procedures and the use of technical solutions are preferred.
The eleventh Yearbook of Courts analyses the independence of the judicial system as a branch of power. The yearbook covers the essence of the independence of the judicial power, the reasons why it is necessary for the functioning of democracy and the means used for guaranteeing the autonomy.
In a session late last night, 26 June, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) elected Peeter Roosma with absolute majority as the next Estonian judge in the European Court of Human Rights. Peeter Roosma is a judge of the Supreme Court of Estonia.
Friday’s judgment of the Supreme Court en banc declared the part of the Aliens Act that precludes granting temporary residence permits to same-sex registered partners of Estonian citizens for leading family life in Estonia unconstitutional and invalid.